In 2022, Japan saw 1.58 million people die and recorded 799,728 births. Greater deaths than births have occurred in the country for the past fifteen years, with the population in decline since the 1980s. The country is considered one of the most expensive places to raise a child, prompting Japan’s prime minister to direct efforts toward the creation of a government agency to address the issue.
From Zero Hedge:
It's a familiar story throughout East Asia, where South Korea's fertility rate -- already the world's lowest -- dropped yet again last year in the latest setback to the country's efforts to boost its declining population. Meanwhile, in January China just lost its title as the world's most populous country to India after its population shrank in 2022 for the first time since the 1960s.