China’s ‘Belt and Road Initiative’: Unveiling the Modern-Day Colonialism Ignored by Anti-Colonialists and Leftists

In an era that prides itself on championing social justice and opposing imperialism, it is disheartening to witness the lack of scrutiny towards China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).

While it may be convenient to turn a blind eye to the actions of a rising global power, it is imperative that we confront the uncomfortable truth: the BRI is nothing short of modern-day colonialism.

In this opinion piece, we will shed light on the alarming aspects of this initiative and explore why the silence from self-proclaimed anti-colonialists and leftists is deeply troubling.

Historical Context

Throughout history, colonial powers sought to expand their influence, exploit resources, and assert control over weaker nations.

Today, China’s BRI follows a similar blueprint, albeit with different terminology.

By constructing vast infrastructure networks across Asia, Europe, Africa, and Oceania, China aims to extend its economic and political dominance under the guise of development and cooperation.

Economic Subjugation

One of the primary criticisms of colonialism is the exploitation of resources and economies for the benefit of the colonizing power.

Similarly, the BRI’s economic impact is a cause for concern.

Many participating countries, enticed by China’s financial assistance, find themselves trapped in a debt cycle, ultimately surrendering control over their vital assets.

This neo-colonial economic model not only perpetuates dependency but also undermines the sovereignty of these nations.

Lack of Transparency and Accountability

A key characteristic of colonialism is the absence of accountability and transparency.

Unfortunately, the BRI exhibits the same lack of transparency, making it difficult for affected nations to scrutinize and hold China accountable for its actions.

Deals are often negotiated behind closed doors, devoid of public participation, allowing China to exert undue influence over the decision-making process.

This undermines democratic principles and erodes the agency of the people in the affected regions.

Environmental and Social Concerns

While China claims the BRI is an avenue for sustainable development, the reality paints a different picture.

The rapid pace of infrastructure construction, often with little regard for environmental impact assessments, has led to irreparable damage to fragile ecosystems.

Additionally, communities have been displaced without proper consultation or adequate compensation, disregarding the social costs of such projects.

The failure to address these concerns exposes the BRI’s true nature as a project driven by self-interest rather than the well-being of local populations.

Silence of Anti-Colonialists and Leftists

One would expect anti-colonialists and leftists, who purport to champion the rights of marginalized communities, to denounce the BRI and raise awareness about its consequences.

Yet, their silence on this matter is both puzzling and disappointing.

By turning a blind eye to the oppressive nature of China’s actions, they undermine their own principles and fail to stand up against modern-day imperialism.

This hypocrisy raises questions about the sincerity of their commitment to justice and equality.

For example, while the World Economic Forum (WEF), arguably the most powerful political activist group in the world, decries the “scarring” effect of colonialism, the organization nevertheless promotes China’s BRI as “a powerful vision in an increasingly fragmented world.”

Moreover, while George Washington University, the largest institution of higher education in Washington, D.C., will replace its nickname, the “Colonials,” because some students found it “offensive,” it will vigorously defend China’s BRI.


China’s Belt and Road Initiative represents a troubling resurgence of a destructive version of colonialism under the guise of economic development and cooperation.

The lack of scrutiny from self-proclaimed anti-colonialists and leftists is deeply concerning, as it perpetuates a dangerous narrative of silence and complacency.

We must recognize the BRI for what it truly is: a project that threatens the sovereignty, environment, and well-being of nations worldwide.

Only by acknowledging the uncomfortable truth can we work towards a more equitable and just world, free from the shackles of modern-day colonialism.